@singularity
a year ago

How did nationalism originate as an ideology?

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Nationalism is a modern movement. Throughout history people have been attached to their native soil, to the traditions of their parents, and to established territorial authorities; but it was not until the end of the 18th century that nationalism began to be a generally recognized sentiment molding public and private life and one of the great, if not the greatest, single determining factors of modern history. Because of its dynamic vitality and its all-pervading character, nationalism is often thought to be very old; sometimes it is mistakenly regarded as a permanent factor in political behaviour.

Asian and African Nationalism -

Nationalism began to appear in Asia and Africa after World War I. It produced such leaders as Kemal Atatürk in Turkey, Saʿd Pasha Zaghūl in Egypt, Ibn Saʿūd in the Arabian peninsula, Mahatma Gandhi in India, and Sun Yat-sen in China. Atatürk succeeded in replacing the medieval structure of the Islāmic monarchy with a revitalized and modernized secular republic in 1923. Demands for Arab unity were frustrated in Africa and Asia by British imperialism and in Africa by French imperialism. Yet Britain may have shown a gift for accommodation with the new forces by helping to create an independent Egypt (1922; completely, 1936) and Iraq (1932) and displayed a similar spirit in India, where the Indian National Congress, founded in 1885 to promote a liberal nationalism inspired by the British model, became more radicalafter 1918. Japan, influenced by Germany, used modern industrial techniques in the service of a more authoritarian nationalism.
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Nationalism, we could say, represents a third type of ideology. It is not easy to locate on the left-right ‘ideological spectrum’, though today nationalist rhetoric, generally speaking, is something more often heard from the political right. 
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Nationalism as a political ideology uses the idea of ‘nation’ to achieve political goals, and may be the most potent ideology in existence. It is worth reflecting for a moment on what kind of ideology it is. And it is worth reminding ourselves that ideology is a contested concept; a term that can mean different things.
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The idea of Nationalism goes back thousands of years ago when forces from dominating kingdoms such as the Roman and Persian empire starts to promote the sense of pride in their nation as part of their military strategy. Even all around the world we can see struggles to defend ones territory from being ruled by outside forces. The Saxons, the Vikings and even the Incas have all shared the same prejudice towards voyagers trying to set foot on their native soil. It has been hardwired into our genes that we would share a sense of pride towards our birthplace and will defend it to our death and honour our country.
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Understanding of the origin of nationalism is widely shared among scholars of nationalism, which has, most likely, stemmed from the perceived affinity between nationalism and modernisation. Regardless of whether nationalism is a cause or product of modernisation, it is clear there is a consensus that nationalism is part and parcel of a wider phenomenon of becoming modern.
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Not sure my perception after Kings rule colonization started revolution in 19th century and nationalism came up led to world war
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Nationalism was first used in the 18th century as a  common  way to define and promote a nation according to "ethnographic principles."
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It came about to promote their own values on other nations.
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Understanding of the origin of nationalism is widely shared among scholars of nationalism, which has, most likely, stemmed from the perceived affinity between nationalism and modernisation. Regardless of whether nationalism is a cause or product of modernisation, it is clear there is a consensus that nationalism is part and parcel of a wider phenomenon of becoming modern.
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I hate nationalism..!
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