@internetofvalue
9 months ago

What was the greatest empire in world history?

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Ottoman Empire (1299–1923)

The Ottoman Empire also known by its contemporaries as the Turkish Empire. was an Islamic empire that lasted from 1299 to November 1, July 24, 1923 It was succeeded by the Republic of Turkey,which was officially proclaimed on October 29, 1923. At the height of its power (16th–17th centuries), the empire spanned three continents, controlling much of Western Asia, Eastern and Southeastern Europe, the Caucasus, and North Africa. The Ottoman Empire contained 29 provinces and numerous vassal states, some of which were later absorbed into the empire, while others gained various types of autonomy during the course of centuries.
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The British Empire was the greatest empire in world history. They comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates, and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom, that had originated with the overseas colonies and trading posts established by England in the late 16th and early 17th centuries.
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The (First) Empire

The Achaemenid Persian Empire was founded by Cyrus the Great around 550 B.C.E., who went by the title of King of Kings (Shahanshah). Although the Persian Empire came to an inglorious end at the hands of Alexander the Great in 330 B.C.E., it had a lasting legacy on the subsequent development of world civilizations and future empires. Indeed, the Persian Empire was a pivotal empire because it was the first true empire that set the standard of what it meant to be an empire for future ones.
The Persian Empire existed at a unique time in history, when most of the oikumene, or civilized, settled, populated world was concentrated in or near the Middle East. As a result, the Persian Empire, which dominated most of the Middle East, ruled over a greater percentage of the world’s population than any other empire in history. Indeed, in 4...
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Anglo - America world power
Persian empire under a young kind, Alexander the great. So great was he but was conquer or killed by mosquitoes bite
Mongol empire founded by Genghis Khan 
Neo-Babylonian Empire (Chaldean Era)
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The British Empire was the largest empire the world has ever seen

The British Empire covered 13.01 million square miles of land - more than 22% of the earth's landmass.The empire had 458 million people in 1938 -- more than 20% of the world's population.
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The Mongols (started by Gengis Khan) had the largest contiguous land empire in world history... the only rival in terms of total extent of land was the British Empire..
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The (First) Persian Empire

The Achaemenid Persian Empire was founded by Cyrus the Great around 550 B.C.E., who went by the title of King of Kings (Shahanshah). Although the Persian Empire came to an inglorious end at the hands of Alexander the Great in 330 B.C.E., it had a lasting legacy on the subsequent development of world civilizations and future empires. Indeed, the Persian Empire was a pivotal empire because it was the first true empire that set the standard of what it meant to be an empire for future ones.
The Persian Empire existed at a unique time in history, when most of the oikumene, or civilized, settled, populated world was concentrated in or near the Middle East. As a result, the Persian Empire, which dominated most of the Middle East, ruled over a greater percentage of the world’s population than any other empire in history. Indeed, in 480 B.C.E., the empire had a population of approximately 49.4 million people, which was 44 percent of the global population at that time. The Persian Empire was the first empire to connect multiple world regions, including the Middle East, North Africa, Central Asia, India, Europe, and the Mediterranean world. It jumpstarted the concept of empires in places like Greece and India.
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The British Empire was the largest empire the world has ever seen

The British Empire covered 13.01 million square miles of land - more than 22% of the earth's landmass.The empire had 458 million people in 1938 -- more than 20% of the world's population.
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Anglo - America world power
Persian empire under a young kind, Alexander the great. So great was he but was conquer or killed by mosquitoes bite
Mongol empire  founded by Genghis Khan 
Neo-Babylonian Empire (Chaldean Era)
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The Mongols (started by Gengis Khan) had the largest contiguous land empire in world history... the only rival in terms of total extent of land was the British Empire..
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The Mongols would be my top choice. They have done some extraordinary things that have never been done before and never been done since. Within decades they built a random region literally in the middle of nowhere to become an invincible superpower. Would you be surprised if I told you that they were also great engineers and extremely good learners who changed world more than any other superpower?

I see many people having highly outdated stereotypes of Mongols. We often see a strawman view of Mongols: guys on horses with bows and arrows. What would you say if someone in 2700 AD described the British Empire merely as guys with muskets wearing red coats, carrying union jack? Or Arab Empire as guys with swords on horses chanting Allah? Or USA as a superpower dropping nuclear bombs while watching Adam Sandler movies?

There was far more to the Arabs, British and Americans than the strawman description above. Same for the Mongols. If you are curious, read on.
Military prowess of the Mongols
Unlike Hitler, Napoleon and so many others, the Mongols had little problem in running over Russia. They say you never invade Russia in winter. Mongols actually loved invading that time as their horses could run over the frozen rivers without the need for bridges. While Afghans might have resisted Americans, Soviets and the Britishers, they had no clue of what hit them during the time of Mongols. China was never ruled by outside powers until then. Arab empire was at its glorious heights with Baghdad being the world's greatest city. Until the Mongols, of course. Indians barely avoided being run over by Genghis Khan's hordes due to a strong leader. Later, even India was partly defeated. The Teutonic Crusader knights had no answer to the Mongols nor did the various tribes of South East Asia. It didn't matter whether you are a super advanced civilization at the apex or totally nomadic. You lose to the Mongols.


The Mongol naval invasion of Japan was the largest in human history until the Second World War. 

The Mongols could run over the brutally cold lands of Siberia and the brutally hot lands of Arabia. They didn't care if they were running into the empty grasslands of the Steppes or the deep tropical jungles of Burma. They could run the paddy fields of China and also run through Himalayas as though it was some irrelevant hill. They could as easily mount the horses as easily as they could launch naval attacks. It is as though geography is some irrelevant detail that they didn't bother about. 

If the enemies packed themselves solidly in a phalanx, Mongols would decimate them with arrows. If the enemies spread thinly, Mongols would chase them with lancers. They would also easily overcome enemy archers, cavalry and swordsmen. In short, there was not a single technology nor strategy nor weapon that could hold against the Mongols
They were the ultimate superpower the world has seen.

The Mongol naval invasion of Japan was the largest in human history until the Second World War. 

The Mongols could run over the brutally cold lands of Siberia and the brutally hot lands of Arabia. They didn't care if they were running into the empty grasslands of the Steppes or the deep tropical jungles of Burma. They could run the paddy fields of China and also run through Himalayas as though it was some irrelevant hill. They could as easily mount the horses as easily as they could launch naval attacks. It is as though geography is some irrelevant detail that they didn't bother about. 

If the enemies packed themselves solidly in a phalanx, Mongols would decimate them with arrows. If the enemies spread thinly, Mongols would chase them with lancers. They would also easily overcome enemy archers, cavalry and swordsmen. In short, there was not a single technology nor strategy nor weapon that could hold against the Mongols. 

They were the ultimate superpower the world has seen.
Not just a brute force. But, a colossal Empire
In talking about Mongols, many have an outdated, often-racist picture of some crude, murderous "barbarians" who got lucky. Only in the recent times have the historians unearthed some fascinating things about them & are giving the Golden Horde and other Mongol Khanates their due respect. Let's face it - there is not a single superpower or major empire that has less blood on their hands. 

They actually built a very professional force that was open minded and highly innovative. They were master engineers who used every technology known to men, while their competitors were lax and obstinate. They kept a diverse governance and learnt from every avenue possible. A lot of world's technology growth [including the dissipation of gunpowder, paper and printing press to much of Europe] happened as a direct result of their conquests. In short, they helped greatly shape the world we live in. 

In their forces, a Christian, Muslim, Confucian, Buddhist all were treated the same and they were not stuck much in ideologies. In that sense, they were far superior to every European colonial power. 

They were extremely innovative and played on key weaknesses of the opponents. They would bring European/Middle East Trebuchets to fight the Chinese and to fight the Middle East they would bring the Chinese siege crossbows and gunpowder. If they didn't get stone for trebuchets, they would cut huge trees and soak the logs in water to act as a rock. 



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The Mongolians. The Mongol Empire emerged from the unification of several nomadic tribes in the Mongol homeland under the leadership of Genghis Khan, whom a council proclaimed ruler of all the Mongols in 1206. The empire grew rapidly under his rule and that of his descendants, who sent invasions in every direction.The vast transcontinental empire connected the East with the West with an enforced  Pax Mongolica , allowing the dissemination and exchange of trade, technologies, commodities and ideologies across Eurasia.
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The Mongol Empire was the largest contiguous empire the world has ever seen
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